Obtains the exponent of a floating-point number #include <math.h> double logb ( double x ); float logbf ( float x ); long double logbl ( long double x ); The logb( ) functions return the exponent of their floating-point argument. If the argument is not normalized, logb( ) returns the exponent of its normalized value. If the argument is zero, logb( ) may incur a domain error, depending on the implementation. (In our example below, using the GNU C library, no domain error occurs.) Exampledouble x[ ] = { 0, 0, 0.7, 1.8, 1234, INFINITY }; x[1] = nexttoward( 0.0, 1.0 ); for ( int i = 0; i < sizeof( x ) / sizeof( double ); i++ ) { printf( "The exponent in the binary representation of %g is %g.\n", x[i], logb( x[i] ) ); if ( errno == EDOM || errno == ERANGE ) perror( _ _FILE_ _ ); } This code produces the following output: The exponent in the binary representation of 0 is -inf. The exponent in the binary representation of 4.94066e-324 is -1074. The exponent in the binary representation of 0.7 is -1. The exponent in the binary representation of 1.8 is 0. The exponent in the binary representation of 1234 is 10. The exponent in the binary representation of inf is inf. See Alsoilogb( ), log( ), log10( ), log1p( ), log2( ), exp( ), pow( ) |