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Recipe 20.5 Accessing Email from a Servlet Using a JavaBean


You want to use a JavaBean or helper class to access and display email messages.


Add the handleMessages( ) and displayMessage( ) methods from Example 20-4 to the JavaBean class defined in Example 20-2. Then use the JavaBean from a servlet's doGet( ) or doPost( ) method.


When we last encountered the EmailBean in Example 20-2 it contained a sendMessage( ) method, along with several property "setter" methods (such as setSmtpHost(String host)). If you add the handleMessages( ) and displayMessage( ) methods from Example 20-4 to this same class, you can use the JavaBean to both send and access email.

This code in handleMessages( ) from Example 20-4 needs to be changed to include the EmailBean class name:

//static reference to a constant value
if (! check(popAddr))
    popAddr = EmailBean.DEFAULT_SERVER;

However, the EmailBean class will have grown quite large as a result of adding the two methods, so you might create two JavaBeans—one for sending mail and another for accessing it. Example 20-5 creates and uses an instance of a special email JavaBean. You must store the bean class in the WEB-INF/classes directory or in a JAR file in WEB-INF/lib.

Example 20-6 also shows a JavaBean that defines handleMessages( ) and displayMessage( ) for dealing with email attachments.

Example 20-5. A servlet uses a JavaBean to access email messages
public void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response)
    throws ServletException, java.io.IOException {
    java.io.PrintWriter out = response.getWriter( );

    "<html><head><title>Email message sender</title></head><body>");
    EmailBean emailer = new EmailBean( );


See Also

Sun Microsystem's JavaMail API page: http://java.sun.com/products/javamail/; Recipe 20.1 on adding JavaMail-related JARs to your web application; Recipe 20.2 on sending email from a servlet; Recipe 20.3 on sending email using a JavaBean; Recipe 20.4 covering how to access email in a servlet; Recipe 20.6 on handling attachments in a servlet; Recipe 20.7 on adding attachments to an email message; Recipe 20.8 on reading an email's headers.

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