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Chapter 4. Linux Installation and Package Management (Topic 1.102)

Many resources, such as the book Running linux (O'Reilly) describe linux installation . Despite its title, this section's Topic and Objectives do not provide an overview for the installation of any particular Linux distribution. Rather, they focus on four installation Topics and packaging tools as required for LPI Exam 101.

Tip: As of the Release 2 LPI Exams, knowlege of both Debian (Objective 5) and RPM Package Managers (Objective 6) are no longer required. Instead, you are given a choice of which package manager you wish to be tested on.

Objective 1: Design Hard Disk Layout

This Objective covers the ability to design a disk partitioning scheme for a Linux system. The Objective includes allocating filesystems or swap space to separate partitions or disks and tailoring the design to the intended use of the system. It also includes placing /boot on a partition that conforms with the BIOS's requirements for booting. Weight: 5.

Objective 2: Install a Boot Manager

An LPIC 1 candidate should be able to select, install, and configure a boot manager . This Objective includes providing alternative boot locations and backup boot options using either LILO or GRUB. Weight: 1.

Objective 3: Make and Install Programs from Source

This Objective states that you should be able to build and install an executable program from source. This includes being able to unpack a source file. Candidates should be able to make simple customizations to the Makefile such as changing paths or adding extra include directories. Weight: 5.

Objective 4: Manage Shared Libraries

This Objective includes being able to determine the shared libraries that executable programs depend on and install them when necessary. The Objective also includes stating where system libraries are kept. Weight: 3.

Objective 5: Use Debian Package Management

This Objective indicates that candidates should be able to perform package management on Debian-based systems . This indication includes using both command-line and interactive tools to install, upgrade, or uninstall packages, as well as find packages containing specific files or software. Also included is obtaining package information such as version, content, dependencies, package integrity, and installation status. Weight: 8.

Objective 6: Use Red Hat Package Manager (RPM)

An LPIC 1 candidate should be able to use package management systems based on RPM. This Objective includes being able to install, reinstall, upgrade, and remove packages as well as obtain status and version information on packages. Also included is obtaining package version, status, dependencies, integrity, and signatures. Candidates should be able to determine what files a package provides as well as find which package a specific file comes from. Weight: 8.

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