[ Team LiB ] Previous Section Next Section

6.7 str_cli Function (Revisited Again)

Figure 6.13 shows our revised (and correct) version of the str_cli function. This version uses select and shutdown. The former notifies us as soon as the server closes its end of the connection and the latter lets us handle batch input correctly. This version also does away with line-centric code and operates instead on buffers, eliminating the complexity concerns raised in Section 6.5.

Figure 6.13 str_cli function using select that handles EOF correctly.

select/strcliselect02.c

 1 #include    "unp.h"

 2 void
 3 str_cli(FILE *fp, int sockfd)
 4 {
 5     int     maxfdp1, stdineof;
 6     fd_set  rset;
 7     char    buf[MAXLINE];
 8     int     n;

 9     stdineof = 0;
10     FD_ZERO(&rset);
11     for ( ; ; ) {
12         if (stdineof == 0)
13             FD_SET(fileno(fp), &rset);
14         FD_SET(sockfd, &rset);
15         maxfdp1 = max(fileno(fp), sockfd) + 1;
16         Select(maxfdp1, &rset, NULL, NULL, NULL);

17         if (FD_ISSET(sockfd, &rset)) {  /* socket is readable */
18             if ( (n = Read(sockfd, buf, MAXLINE)) == 0) {
19                 if (stdineof == 1)
20                     return;       /* normal termination */
21                 else
22                     err_quit("str_cli: server terminated prematurely");
23                 }
24                 Write(fileno(stdout), buf, n);
25         }
26         if (FD_ISSET(fileno(fp), &rset)) {  /* input is readable */
27             if ( (n = Read(fileno(fp), buf, MAXLINE)) == 0) {
28                 stdineof = 1;
29                 Shutdown(sockfd, SHUT_WR);  /* send FIN */
30                 FD_CLR(fileno(fp), &rset);
31                 continue;
32             }
33             Writen(sockfd, buf, n);
34         }
35     }
36 }

58 stdineof is a new flag that is initialized to 0. As long as this flag is 0, each time around the main loop, we select on standard input for readability.

1725 When we read the EOF on the socket, if we have already encountered an EOF on standard input, this is normal termination and the function returns. But if we have not yet encountered an EOF on standard input, the server process has prematurely terminated. We now call read and write to operate on buffers instead of lines and allow select to work for us as expected.

2634 When we encounter the EOF on standard input, our new flag, stdineof, is set and we call shutdown with a second argument of SHUT_WR to send the FIN. Here also, we've changed to operating on buffers instead of lines, using read and writen.

We are not finished with our str_cli function. We will develop a version using nonblocking I/O in Section 16.2 and a version using threads in Section 26.3.

    [ Team LiB ] Previous Section Next Section