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8.15 TCP and UDP Echo Server Using select

We now combine our concurrent TCP echo server from Chapter 5 with our iterative UDP echo server from this chapter into a single server that uses select to multiplex a TCP and UDP socket. Figure 8.24 is the first half of this server.

Create listening TCP socket

1422 A listening TCP socket is created that is bound to the server's well-known port. We set the SO_REUSEADDR socket option in case connections exist on this port.

Create UDP socket

2329 A UDP socket is also created and bound to the same port. Even though the same port is used for TCP and UDP sockets, there is no need to set the SO_REUSEADDR socket option before this call to bind, because TCP ports are independent of UDP ports.

Figure 8.25 shows the second half of our server.

Establish signal handler for SIGCHLD

30 A signal handler is established for SIGCHLD because TCP connections will be handled by a child process. We showed this signal handler in Figure 5.11.

Prepare for select

3132 We initialize a descriptor set for select and calculate the maximum of the two descriptors for which we will wait.

Figure 8.24 First half of echo server that handles TCP and UDP using select.

udpcliserv/udpservselect01.c

 1 #include     "unp.h"

 2 int
 3 main(int argc, char **argv)
 4 {
 5     int     listenfd, connfd, udpfd, nready, maxfdp1;
 6     char    mesg[MAXLINE];
 7     pid_t   childpid;
 8     fd_set  rset;
 9     ssize_t n;
10     socklen_t len;
11     const int on = 1;
12     struct sockaddr_in cliaddr, servaddr;
13     void    sig_chld(int);

14         /* create listening TCP socket */
15     listenfd = Socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);

16     bzero(&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr));
17     servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
18     servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
19     servaddr.sin_port = htons(SERV_PORT);

20     Setsockopt(listenfd, SOL_SOCKET, SO_REUSEADDR, &on, sizeof(on));
21     Bind(listenfd, (SA *) &servaddr, sizeof(servaddr));

22     Listen(listenfd, LISTENQ);

23          /* create UDP socket */
24     udpfd = Socket(AF_INET, SOCK_DGRAM, 0);

25     bzero(&servaddr, sizeof(servaddr));
26     servaddr.sin_family = AF_INET;
27     servaddr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);
28     servaddr.sin_port = htons(SERV_PORT);

29     Bind(udpfd, (SA *) &servaddr, sizeof(servaddr));
Call select

3441 We call select, waiting only for readability on the listening TCP socket or readability on the UDP socket. Since our sig_chld handler can interrupt our call to select, we handle an error of EINTR.

Handle new client connection

4251 We accept a new client connection when the listening TCP socket is readable, fork a child, and call our str_echo function in the child. This is the same sequence of steps we used in Chapter 5.

Figure 8.25 Second half of echo server that handles TCP and UDP using select.

udpcliserv/udpservselect01.c

30     Signal(SIGCHLD, sig_chld);     /* must call waitpid() */

31     FD_ZERO(&rset);
32     maxfdp1 = max(listenfd, udpfd) + 1;
33     for ( ; ; ) {
34         FD_SET(listenfd, &rset);
35         FD_SET(udpfd, &rset);
36         if ( (nready = select(maxfdp1, &rset, NULL, NULL, NULL)) < 0) {
37             if (errno == EINTR)
38                 continue;     /* back to for() */
39             else
40                 err_sys("select error");
41          }

42          if (FD_ISSET(listenfd, &rset)) {
43              len = sizeof(cliaddr);
44              connfd = Accept(listenfd, (SA *) &cliaddr, &len);

45              if ( (childpid = Fork()) == 0) { /* child process */
46                  Close(listenfd);     /* close listening socket */
47                  str_echo(connfd);    /* process the request */
48                  exit(0);
49               }
50               Close(connfd);     /* parent closes connected socket */
51          }

52          if (FD_ISSET(udpfd, &rset)) {
53              len = sizeof(cliaddr);
54              n = Recvfrom(udpfd, mesg, MAXLINE, 0, (SA *) &cliaddr, &len);

55              Sendto(udpfd, mesg, n, 0, (SA *) &cliaddr, len);
56          }
57     }
58 }
Handle arrival of datagram

5257 If the UDP socket is readable, a datagram has arrived. We read it with recvfrom and send it back to the client with sendto.

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