[ Team LiB ] Previous Section Next Section

12.5 Line Styles with BasicStroke

In the last couple of examples, we've used the BasicStroke class to draw lines that are wider than the one-pixel lines supported by the Graphics class. Wide lines are more complicated than thin lines, however, so BasicStroke allows you to specify other line attributes as well: the cap style of a line specifies how the endpoints of lines look, and the join style specifies how the corners, or vertices, of shapes look. These style options for endpoints and vertices are shown in Figure 12-6. The figure also illustrates the use of a dot-dashed patterned line, which is another feature of BasicStroke. The figure was produced using the code listed in Example 12-8, which demonstrates how to use BasicStroke to draw wide lines with a variety of cap and join styles and to draw patterned lines. (The example does not illustrate the use of the "miter limit" line style, which comes into play when two lines with a join style of JOIN_MITER intersect at a small angle; in this case the miter can become very long, and must be limited to some maximum length. See BasicStroke documentation for details.)

Figure 12-6. Line styles with BasicStroke
Example 12-8. LineStyles.java
package je3.graphics;
import java.awt.*;
import java.awt.geom.*;

/** A demonstration of Java2D line styles */
public class LineStyles implements GraphicsExample {
    public String getName( ) { return "LineStyles"; }  // From GraphicsExample
    public int getWidth( ) { return 450; }             // From GraphicsExample
    public int getHeight( ) { return 180; }            // From GraphicsExample

    int[  ] xpoints = new int[  ] { 0, 50, 100 };  // X coordinates of our shape
    int[  ] ypoints = new int[  ] { 75, 0, 75 };   // Y coordinates of our shape

    // Here are three different line styles we will demonstrate
    // They are thick lines with different cap and join styles
    Stroke[  ] linestyles = new Stroke[  ] {
        new BasicStroke(25.0f, BasicStroke.CAP_BUTT, BasicStroke.JOIN_BEVEL),
        new BasicStroke(25.0f, BasicStroke.CAP_SQUARE, BasicStroke.JOIN_MITER),
        new BasicStroke(25.0f, BasicStroke.CAP_ROUND, BasicStroke.JOIN_ROUND),
    // Another line style: a 2 pixel-wide dot-dashed line
    Stroke thindashed = new BasicStroke(2.0f,  // line width
        /* cap style */                 BasicStroke.CAP_BUTT,
        /* join style, miter limit */   BasicStroke.JOIN_BEVEL, 1.0f,
        /* the dash pattern */          new float[  ] {8.0f, 3.0f, 2.0f, 3.0f},
        /* the dash phase */            0.0f);   /* on 8, off 3, on 2, off 3 */

    // Labels to appear in the diagram, and the font to use to display them.
    Font font = new Font("Helvetica", Font.BOLD, 12);
    String[  ] capNames = new String[  ] {"CAP_BUTT", "CAP_SQUARE","CAP_ROUND"};
    String[  ] joinNames = new String[  ] {"JOIN_BEVEL","JOIN_MITER","JOIN_ROUND"};

    /** This method draws the example figure */
    public void draw(Graphics2D g, Component c) {
        // Use anti-aliasing to avoid "jaggies" in the lines

        // Define the shape to draw
        GeneralPath shape = new GeneralPath( );
        shape.moveTo(xpoints[0], ypoints[0]);   // start at point 0
        shape.lineTo(xpoints[1], ypoints[1]);   // draw a line to point 1
        shape.lineTo(xpoints[2], ypoints[2]);   // and then on to point 2

        // Move the origin to the right and down, creating a margin

        // Now loop, drawing our shape with the three different line styles
        for(int i = 0; i < linestyles.length; i++) {
            g.setColor(Color.gray);       // Draw a gray line
            g.setStroke(linestyles[i]);   // Select the line style to use
            g.draw(shape);                // Draw the shape

            g.setColor(Color.black);      // Now use black
            g.setStroke(thindashed);      // And the thin dashed line
            g.draw(shape);                // And draw the shape again.

            // Highlight the location of the vertexes of the shape
            // This accentuates the cap and join styles we're demonstrating
            for(int j = 0; j < xpoints.length; j++) 
                g.fillRect(xpoints[j]-2, ypoints[j]-2, 5, 5);

            g.drawString(capNames[i], 5, 105);   // Label the cap style
            g.drawString(joinNames[i], 5, 120);  // Label the join style

            g.translate(150, 0); // Move over to the right before looping again
    [ Team LiB ] Previous Section Next Section